Tuesday, 10 March 2015

Pesticides - Five Leaf Extract

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see Five Leaf Extract which is called as Eindhu Ilai Karaisal in Tamil.

Required Ingredients
S.No.Ingredient NameQty in Litres/Kgs
1Neem Leaves (Vembu in Tamil)1 Kg
2Vitex negundo or Chaste Tree Leaves (Nochi in  Tamil)1 Kg
3Guduchhi/Amruth (Seenthil Kodi in Tamil)1 Kg
4Jatropha curcas (Kattu Amanaku in Tamil )1 Kg
5Calotropis gigantea (Erukkan in Tamil)1 Kg
6Water5 Litres
7Cow's Urine5 Litres

  • Can also use leaves of Malabar Nut (Adathoda in Tamil), Andrographis paniculata or Kalmegh (Siriyanangai in Tamil), Clerodendron (Peenarisanghu in Tamil) and Usil (Arappu in Tamil).

Method of Preparation
  1. Make a paste of any of the five leaves mentioned above and dissolve it in 5 Litres Cows Urine.
  2. The concoction is then diluted in 5 Litres of Water.
  3. Keep this undisturbed for 5 days.
Method of Storage
  1. The pesticide should be kept in the shade and covered with a wire mesh or plastic mosquito net to prevent houseflies from laying eggs and the formation of maggots (worms) in the solution. This is applicable during the preparation as well as during the shelf life of the pesticide as well.
How long can we store the Pesticide?
  1. Not Applicable
How to use the Pesticide?
  1. Spray System - The pesticide can be applied as a foliar spray.
Note: Dilute 500 ml of the pesticide with 10 Litres of water before applying.

When to use the Pesticide?
  1. Generally, the ideal time for spraying is during 6 am to 8.30 am and between 4 pm and 6.30 pm.
Which pests are controlled by the pesticide?
  1. Generally, most of the pests are controlled by this.

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