Wednesday, 11 March 2015

Manures - Effective Microorganisms

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see Effective Microorganisms which are mainly used for composting purposes but can also be used as a manure.

Required Ingredients

S.No.Ingredient NameQty in Litres/Kgs
1Papaya500 Grams
3Jaggery500 Grams
2Yellow Pumpkin / White Pumpkin 500 Grams
4Live Soil with good moisture1 Handful
5Water20 Litres
6Mud Pot1 Number

  • Please note that the stick (neem stick is better or any pole) used for mixing the ingredients should be cleaned before & after the usage so as to avoid maggots formations in the manure.

Method of Preparation
  1. Fill the Mud Pot with 20 Litres of Water.
  2. Crush the jaggery into fine powder and dissolve it in water.
  3. Remove the skin of the papaya and cut the papaya into very small pieces and put it in the water.
  4. Repeat the step 3 for Pumpkin as well.
  5. Add the Live Soil to the water (The Live Soil should not be dry and should have enough moisture in it)
  6. Stir the contents daily in the evening.
  7. The solution will be ready in about 10-15 days and a foul smell will emanate and this indicates the solution is ready for use.
    Method of Storage
    1. The manure should be kept in the shade and covered with a wire mesh or plastic mosquito net to prevent houseflies from laying eggs and the formation of maggots (worms) in the solution. This is applicable during the preparation as well as during the shelf life of the manure as well.
    How long can we store the Manure?
    1. Not Applicable
    How to use the Manure?
    1. Spray System - The manure can be applied as a foliar spray.
    2. Flow System - The solution of manure can be mixed with irrigation water, either through drip irrigation or flow irrigation.
    When to use the Manure?
    1. Generally, it is accepted that every 15 days the manure can be applied.

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