Monday, 20 January 2014

Water Storage Methods

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series,  we will discuss the specifics of Water Storage Methods.  Generally, the water storage methods can be classified into two groups and they are as follows.
  1. Underground Water Storage
  2. Over ground Water Storage
We can opt to utilize one or the other of the methods or a combination of both.


Underground Water Storage

The water is stored below the surface and can be retrieved at a later point of time by using the available options.

Advantages
  • Evaporation is very minimal as the water is stored below the ground
  • Contamination possibility is very less
  • No need to allocate any land for this purpose
Disadvantages
  • Water can only be retrieved by using bore well and other means
  • Water availability is not guaranteed as other farmers can also exploit the underground water

Over ground Water Storage

The water is stored above the surface and can be utilized directly for many purposes and that too whenever we require them.  Examples of this method are Farm Ponds, Open Wells etc

Advantages
  • Can utilize the water & space for Fish Farming
  • Can utilize it as drinking water for Cattle, Poultry etc
  • Can utilize it for the crops during the summer season when the water availability is generally low
  • Seepage of water in the soil will benefit the entire farmland
Disadvantages
  • Need to allocate land
  • Evaporation is very high and hence possibility of loss of available water to some extent
  • Contamination is possible
  • Will attract Snails and other similar things which may not be good to our Livestock 

Water Harvesting Methods

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we will see the different types of Water Harvesting Methods from a farmland point of view.  We will highlight each one of them and anybody wishes to implement them can look for more detailed information elsewhere.



  • Trenches
    • Trenches need to be created against the flow of the water to get maximum benefit
    • Trenches are best suited water harvesting method where plants or trees are the main crops.  For eg, Coconut Tree Plantations, Mango Tree Plantations etc
    • Trenches can be created in between the rows of the Trees


  • Swales = Continuous Contour Trenches
    • Swales need to be created against the flow of the water to get maximum benefit
    • Swales generally are bigger in size (in terms of width, depth & length) compared to trenches
    • Swales are best suited water harvesting method where plants or trees are the main crops.  For eg, Coconut Tree Plantations, Mango Tree Plantations etc


  • Bunds
    • Bunds are created around the borders or periphery of the farmland to retain maximum water
    • The size of the bund is bigger and deeper so that water is retained as well as ensuring that cattle and other animals do not trespass


  • Open Wells
    • Open Wells are best suited water harvesting (storage) method when there is run-off of rain water
    • Any excess water needs to be channelled into this after filtering the sediments


  • Farm Ponds
    • A small portion of the land is allocated for Farm Ponds
    • Generally, the Farm Pond is located at the lowest point of the farmland
    • Farm Ponds are best suited water harvesting (storage) method when there is run-off of rain water
    • Farm Ponds is required when we need to store large amounts of water
    • Any excess water needs to be channelled into this after filtering the sediments

  • Check Dams
    • Check Dams are built for retaining the water in the upstream
    • Check Dams ensure seepage of water into the soil thereby increasing the ground water
    • Check Dams can be built in Swales and other similar structures

Monday, 13 January 2014

Data & Analysis

The Data & Analysis page will be the main page for anything related to the data and any analysis based on the data.  The Raw Data will be available to everybody and they can create their own analysis as well.




Data

  1. Parameters For Crops - A Data Oriented Complete Guide - WorkInProgress
  2. Fruit Crops - A Data Oriented Complete Guide - WorkInProgress
  3. Vegetables Crops - A Data Oriented Complete Guide -WorkInProgress
  4. Greens (கீரைகள்) - A Data Oriented Complete Guide - WorkInProgress
  5. Flowers Crops - A Data Oriented Complete Guide - WorkInProgress
  6. Timber Crops - A Data Oriented Complete Guide - WorkInProgress
  7. Misc Crops - A Data Oriented Complete Guide - WorkInProgress
     


Analysis
  1. Categories or Types of Vegetables
  2. Understanding Crops (Groupwise) Propagation Methods
  3. Traditional or Open Pollinated or Heirloom (Vegetable) Seeds of India
  4. Traditional or Open Pollinated or Heirloom (Rice) Seeds of India

Choosing the Crops based on Water Needs



In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see how to select the Crops based on Water Needs.


The Data provided below will help the farmers choose the crops based on the water availability.


High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring
1.Arecanut1.Acidlime1.Agave
2.Banana2.Allspice2.Amla
3.Betelvine3.Amaranth3.Annona
4.Cocoa4.Annual Moringa4.Apricot
5.Coconut5.Apple5.Bengalgram
6.Grapes6.Ash Gourd6.Ber
7.Jute7.Asparagus7.Bilimbi
8.Oilpalm8.Aster8.Blackgram
9.Papaya9.Avocado9.Carambola
10.Rice10.Babycorn10.Cashewnut
11.Sugarbeet11.Basella11.Castor
12.Sugarcane12.Beetroot12.Cowpea
13.Sweet Sorghum13.Bellary Onion13.Cumbu Napier
14.Bhendi14.Cumbu
15.Bitter Gourd15.Fodder Cholam
16.Bottle Gourd16.Fodder Cowpea
17.Bread Fruit17.Fodder Cumbu
18.Bread Fruit18.Fodder Maize
19.Brinjal19.Garden lablab
20.Broadbeans20.Gingelly
21.Brussels Sprout21.Greengram
22.Butter Bean22.Groundnut
23.Cabbage23.Guinea Grass
24.Cardamom24.Horsegram
25.Carnation25.Karonda
26.Carrot26.Kolukattai Pullu
27.Cauliflower27.Kudirai Masal
28.Celery28.Lemon
29.Ceylon Spinach29.Loquat
30.Chakravathi Keerai30.Mulberry
31.Chekurmanis31.Muyal Masal
32.Chillies32.Panivaragu
33.Chinese Cabbage33.Phalsa
34.Chow chow34.Pineapple
35.Cinnamon35.Pomegranate
36.Clove36.Ragi
37.Cluster Beans37.Rambutan
38.Coccinia38.Redgram
39.Coffee39.Samai
40.Coleus40.Sorghum
41.Colocasia41.Soundal
42.Commercial Chrysanthemum42.Soybean
43.Commercial Rose43.Tenai
44.Coriander44.Varagu
45.Cotton45.West
46.Crossandra
47.Cucumber
48.Curry Leaf
49.Cut Chrysanthemum
50.Cut Rose
51.Digitalis
52.Dioscorea
53.Durian
54.Egg Fruit
55.Elephant Foot Yam
56.Fennel
57.Fenugreek
58.Fig
59.French Bean
60.Garlic
61.Gerbera
62.Gherkin
63.Ginger
64.Gladiolus
65.Golden Rod
66.Guava
67.Jack
68.Jathimalli (Pitchi)
69.Kiwi
70.Knol-khol
71.Lablab
72.Lettuce
73.Litchi
74.Maize
75.Malligai
76.Mandarin Orange
77.Mango
78.Mangosteen
79.Marigold
80.Marikolundu (Dhavanam)
81.Maruvu
82.Medicinal plants
83.Mint
84.Mullai
85.Mustard
86.Nerium
87.Nutmeg
88.Palak
89.Paprika
90.Passion Fruit
91.Peach
92.Pear
93.Peas
94.Pepper
95.Periwinkle
96.Persimmon
97.Plum
98.Potato
99.Pumpkin
100.Pyrethrum
101.Radish
102.Rhubarb
103.Ribbed Gourd
104.Rubber
105.Sapota
106.Senna
107.Small Onion
108.Snake Gourd
109.Spices
110.Strawberry
111.Sunflower
112.Sweet Orange
113.Sweet Potato
114.Tamarind
115.Tapioca
116.Tea
117.Tinda
118.Tomato
119.Tuberose
120.Turmeric
121.Turnip
122.Vegetable Cowpea
123.Watermelon
124.Wheat
125.Winged Bean


Credits: ICAAP

Allied Activities

The Home Page will serve as the main page for Plants & General Discussion, the Allied Activities Page will serve as the main page for others.


As usual, this page has been created keeping in view the focus of the author which is Tamilnadu, India.  Only those allied activities which are being carried out in TN will be listed here and discussed as well.


To start with, I am listing the Allied Activities that are being carried out in TN and are known to me.


  1. Livestock
    1. Cow Farming
    2. Buffalo Farming
    3. Goat Farming
    4. Sheep Farming
    5. Pig Farming
    6. Rabbit Farming
  2. Poultry
    1. Country Chicken Farming
    2. Turkey Farming
    3. Quail Farming
    4. Duck Farming
    5. Goose Farming
    6. Pigeon Farming
    7. Guinea Fowl Farming
  3. Fisheries
    1. Carp Fish
    2. Murrel Fish
    3. Cat Fish
    4. Tilapia Fish
  4. Sericulture (a.k.a Silkworm Rearing)
  5. Bee Farming
  6. Mushroom Farming
  7. Misc
    1. Fodder Trees for Livestock
  8. Websites
    1. EthnoVet Practices
    2. Indian Indigenous Cattle - http://indianindigenouscattle.blogspot.in/
    3. Govt of Tamilnadu - Fisheries Department - http://www.fisheries.tn.gov.in/
    4. Govt of Tamilnadu - Fisheries Department - Fish Seed Available Places-http://www.fisheries.tn.gov.in/Inland/government.html
    5. Govt of India recognised Indigenous Livestock Database - http://210.212.93.85/agris/breed.aspx
    6. Tamilnadu Regional Cattle - http://tamilnaducattle.blogspot.in/