Tuesday, 4 October 2016

Improving Productivity with Bees


In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see Improving Productivity with Bees.

Everyone knows that Bees play a major role in cross-pollination.  This will, in fact, improve the productivity to a greater extent in varying levels in different crops.

An acre of land can accommodate a minimum of 4 Beehives.

There are few options with regard to bees.  They are:
  • Keeping Beehives on your own in your farm
  • Requesting Beehive owners to place their beehives in your farm
  • Inducing Bees to come to your farm

Keeping Beehives on your own in your farm
  • By this practice, you get both productivity in crops as well different by-product from the Beehives.

Requesting Beehive owners to place to their beehives in your farm
  • By this method, you get productivity as well as a share of the by-product of the Beehives and this can be negotiated with the Beehive owners.

Inducing Bees to come to your farm
  • The following crops will induce the bees to come to your farm which will in turn help your main crops productivity
    • Coconut
    • Golden Show Tree (Sara Kondrai)
    • Indian Kino Tree (Vengai)
    • Indian Almond (Naval)
    • East Indian Walnut (Vaagai)
    • Cashewnut Tree (Munthiri)
    • Manila Tamarind (Kodukapuli)
    • Guava
    • Sapota
    • Moringa
    • Onion
    • Cotton
    • Nila Sampangi
    • Broad Beans (Avarai)
    • Blackgram (Ulundu)
    • Cowpea (Karamani /Thattapariyu)
    • Chickpeas (Konda Kadalai)
    • Puncture Vine (Nerunji)
    • Poosani Varieties
    • Karuvel
    • Velvel
    • Umbrella Thorn (Kudaivel)
    • Palmyrah (Male Pannai)
    • Arecanut  (Paakku)
    • Sunflower
    • Coriander
    • Thumbai
    • Lucerne (Kudirai Masal)
    • Soya Beans
    • Indian Jubube ((Elanthai)
    • Theekuchi Maram
    • Eluppai
    • Agathi
    • Elavam
    • Neer Maruthu
    • Naval
    • Mango
    • Neem
    • Tamarind
    • Pungan
    • Chebulic Myrobalan (Kadukkai)
    • Banana
    • Gingely

Wednesday, 21 September 2016

Water Conservation in Ponds

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see Water Conservation in Ponds which will help the farmer to extend the water availability.

Usually, during the rainy season, the ponds get filled to the brim.  The water is lost due to seepage and evaporation as well as pond bund destabilisation which makes the mud fall into the pond thereby reducing the storage capacity.

To effectively control the issues pointed out, the following techniques can be applied.

Seepage
  • Placing clay at the bottom as well as on the walls of the pond will reduce seepage
Evaporation
  • Introducing the following plants in the pond will reduce the evaporation
    • White Lotus
    • Red Lotus
    • Water Lily
  • The above plants will cover the entire surface of the pond and this way it will reduce the evaporation to the maximum extent.
Bund Stabilization
  • Vettiver can be planted on the bunds of the ponds which will ensure the soil does not erode/fall into the pond

Tuesday, 13 September 2016

Integrated Pest Management - Trap Crop Details

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see Trap Crop Details which will help the farmer to protect his crops and improve productivity.


Cereals
Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
RiceN/A

WheatN/A

Fibre Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
AgaveN/A
Cotton
  • Alfalfa
  • Bhendi (1:10)
  • Chickpea
  • Corn (1:20)
  • Cowpea (1:5)
  • Okra (1:10)
  • Sunflower (1:5)
  • Tobacco (1:20)

JuteN/A


Flower Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
AnthuriumN/A
CarnationN/A
China AsterN/A
ChrysanthemumN/A
CrossandraN/A
Cut ChrysanthemumN/A
Cut RoseN/A
Dendrobium OrchidN/A
GerberaN/A
GladiousN/A
Golden RodN/A
Jathimalli (Pitchi)N/A
LiliumN/A
MalligaiN/A
MarigoldN/A
MaruvuN/A
MullaiN/A
NeriumN/A
RoseN/A
TuberoseN/A

Forage Crops



Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
Cumbu NapierN/A
Deenanath GrassN/A
Fodder Cholam
N/A
Fodder CowpeaN/A
Fodder CumbuN/A
Fodder Maize
N/A
Guinea GrassN/A
Kolukattai Pullu
N/A
Kudirai MasalN/A
Muyal MasalN/A
SoundalN/A
Veli MasalN/A



Fruit Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
Acidlime
N/A
AmlaN/A
AnnonaN/A
Apple
  • Sunflower
ApricotN/A
AvocadoN/A
Banana
N/A

BerN/A
BilimbiN/A
Bread FruitN/A
CarambolaN/A
DurianN/A
Egg FruitN/A
FigN/A
GrapesN/A
Guava
N/A
JackN/A
Jamun
N/A
KarondaN/A
KiwiN/A
LemonN/A
LitchiN/A
LoquatN/A
Mandarin Orange
N/A
Mango
N/A
MangosteenN/A
MulberryN/A
PapayaN/A
Passion FruitN/A
Peach
  • Sunflower
PearN/A
PersimmonN/A
PhalsaN/A
PineappleN/A
PlumN/A
PomegranateN/A
RambutanN/A
Sapota
N/A
StrawberryN/A
Sweet Orange
N/A

West Indian CherryN/A



Medicinal Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
AswagandhaN/A
GloriosaN/A
PhylanthusN/A
SennaN/A
SteviaN/A
PeriwinkleN/A
PyrethrumN/A
DigitalisN/A
Medicinal DioscoreaN/A
Medicinal SolanumN/A
AloeveraN/A
Medicinal ColeusN/A
TippiliN/A



Millets


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
Cumbu
N/A
KudiraivaliN/A
Maize
  • Sorghum
PanivaraguN/A
Ragi
N/A
SamaiN/A
Sorghum
N/A
TenaiN/A
VaraguN/A



Oil Seeds


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
Castor
N/A
GingellyN/A
Groundnut
  • Blackgram
  • Cowpea

NigerN/A
SafflowerN/A
Sunflower
  • Castor
  • Marigold




Plantation Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
ArecanutN/A
BetelvineN/A
Cashewnut
N/A
CocoaN/A
Coconut
N/A

Coffee
N/A
Oilpalm
N/A
PalmyrahN/A
Rubber
N/A
Tea
N/A


Pulses



Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
Bengalgram
  • Marigold
BlackgramN/A
Cowpea
  • Gingelly
Field lablabN/A
Garden lablabN/A
GreengramN/A
HorsegramN/A
Redgram
  • Green Gram
  • Soybean
Soybean
  • Green Beans
  • Sesbania (15m)
SwordbeanN/A




Spices


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
AllspiceN/A
CardamomN/A
CinnamonN/A
CloveN/A
CorianderN/A
FennelN/A
FenugreekN/A
GarlicN/A

GingerN/A
MustardN/A
NutmegN/A
PaprikaN/A
Pepper
  • Sunflower
Tamarind
N/A
Turmeric
N/A
VanillaN/A

Sugar Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
SugarbeetN/A
Sugarcane
N/A
Sweet SorghumN/A




Vegetables


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
AmaranthN/A
Annual Moringa
N/A
Ash GourdN/A
AsparagusN/A
Babycorn
  • Beans
  • Legumes
  • Napier Grass
  • Soybean
  • Sunflower
  • Sudan Grass


BasellaN/A
BeetrootN/A
Bellary OnionN/A
BhendiN/A
Bitter Gourd
  • Ribbed Gourd
Bottle GourdN/A
BrinjalN/A
Broadbeans
  • Chrysanthemum
Brussels SproutN/A
Butter BeanN/A
Cabbage
  • Chinese Cabbage (1:15)
  • Indian Mustard (1:15)
  • Seasame (2 Rows:25 Rows)
  • Radish (1:15)

CapsicumN/A
CarrotN/A

Cauliflower
  • Seasame (2 Rows:25 Rows)

CeleryN/A
Ceylon SpinachN/A
Chakravathi KeeraiN/A
ChekurmanisN/A
ChickpeaN/A
Chillies
N/A
Chinese CabbageN/A
Chinese Potato
  • Marigold
Chow chowN/A
Cluster BeansN/A
CocciniaN/A
ColocasiaN/A
CucumberN/A
Curry Leaf
N/A
DioscoreaN/A
Elephant Foot YamN/A
French BeanN/A
GherkinN/A
Knol-kholN/A
LablabN/A
LettuceN/A
MintN/A
Musk MelonN/A
PalakN/A
PaprikaN/A
PeasN/A
Potato
  • Horse Radish
  • Marigold
PumpkinN/A
RadishN/A
RhubarbN/A
Ribbed GourdN/A
Small OnionN/A
Snake GourdN/A
SoybeanN/A
Sweet PotatoN/A
Tapioca
N/A
TindaN/A
Tomato
  • Cucumber (1:15)
  • Marigold (1:15)
  • Sunflower

TurnipN/A
Vegetable CowpeaN/A
WatermelonN/A
Winged BeanN/A