Wednesday, 21 September 2016

Water Conservation in Ponds

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see Water Conservation in Ponds which will help the farmer to extend the water availability.

Usually, during the rainy season, the ponds get filled to the brim.  The water is lost due to seepage and evaporation as well as pond bund destabilisation which makes the mud fall into the pond thereby reducing the storage capacity.

To effectively control the issues pointed out, the following techniques can be applied.

Seepage
  • Placing clay at the bottom as well as on the walls of the pond will reduce seepage
Evaporation
  • Introducing the following plants in the pond will reduce the evaporation
    • White Lotus
    • Red Lotus
    • Water Lily
Bund Stabilization
  • Vettiver can be planted on the bunds of the ponds which will ensure the soil does not erode/fall into the pond

Tuesday, 13 September 2016

Integrated Pest Management - Trap Crop Details

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see Trap Crop Details which will help the farmer to protect his crops and improve productivity.


Cereals
Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
RiceN/A

WheatN/A

Fibre Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
AgaveN/A
Cotton
  • Alfalfa
  • Bhendi (1:10)
  • Chickpea
  • Corn (1:20)
  • Cowpea (1:5)
  • Okra (1:10)
  • Sunflower (1:5)
  • Tobacco (1:20)

JuteN/A


Flower Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
AnthuriumN/A
CarnationN/A
China AsterN/A
ChrysanthemumN/A
CrossandraN/A
Cut ChrysanthemumN/A
Cut RoseN/A
Dendrobium OrchidN/A
GerberaN/A
GladiousN/A
Golden RodN/A
Jathimalli (Pitchi)N/A
LiliumN/A
MalligaiN/A
MarigoldN/A
MaruvuN/A
MullaiN/A
NeriumN/A
RoseN/A
TuberoseN/A

Forage Crops



Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
Cumbu NapierN/A
Deenanath GrassN/A
Fodder Cholam
N/A
Fodder CowpeaN/A
Fodder CumbuN/A
Fodder Maize
N/A
Guinea GrassN/A
Kolukattai Pullu
N/A
Kudirai MasalN/A
Muyal MasalN/A
SoundalN/A
Veli MasalN/A



Fruit Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
Acidlime
N/A
AmlaN/A
AnnonaN/A
Apple
  • Sunflower
ApricotN/A
AvocadoN/A
Banana
N/A

BerN/A
BilimbiN/A
Bread FruitN/A
CarambolaN/A
DurianN/A
Egg FruitN/A
FigN/A
GrapesN/A
Guava
N/A
JackN/A
Jamun
N/A
KarondaN/A
KiwiN/A
LemonN/A
LitchiN/A
LoquatN/A
Mandarin Orange
N/A
Mango
N/A
MangosteenN/A
MulberryN/A
PapayaN/A
Passion FruitN/A
Peach
  • Sunflower
PearN/A
PersimmonN/A
PhalsaN/A
PineappleN/A
PlumN/A
PomegranateN/A
RambutanN/A
Sapota
N/A
StrawberryN/A
Sweet Orange
N/A

West Indian CherryN/A



Medicinal Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
AswagandhaN/A
GloriosaN/A
PhylanthusN/A
SennaN/A
SteviaN/A
PeriwinkleN/A
PyrethrumN/A
DigitalisN/A
Medicinal DioscoreaN/A
Medicinal SolanumN/A
AloeveraN/A
Medicinal ColeusN/A
TippiliN/A



Millets


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
Cumbu
N/A
KudiraivaliN/A
Maize
  • Sorghum
PanivaraguN/A
Ragi
N/A
SamaiN/A
Sorghum
N/A
TenaiN/A
VaraguN/A



Oil Seeds


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
Castor
N/A
GingellyN/A
Groundnut
  • Blackgram
  • Cowpea

NigerN/A
SafflowerN/A
Sunflower
  • Castor
  • Marigold




Plantation Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
ArecanutN/A
BetelvineN/A
Cashewnut
N/A
CocoaN/A
Coconut
N/A

Coffee
N/A
Oilpalm
N/A
PalmyrahN/A
Rubber
N/A
Tea
N/A


Pulses



Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
Bengalgram
  • Marigold
BlackgramN/A
Cowpea
  • Gingelly
Field lablabN/A
Garden lablabN/A
GreengramN/A
HorsegramN/A
Redgram
  • Green Gram
  • Soybean
Soybean
  • Green Beans
  • Sesbania (15m)
SwordbeanN/A




Spices


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
AllspiceN/A
CardamomN/A
CinnamonN/A
CloveN/A
CorianderN/A
FennelN/A
FenugreekN/A
GarlicN/A

GingerN/A
MustardN/A
NutmegN/A
PaprikaN/A
Pepper
  • Sunflower
Tamarind
N/A
Turmeric
N/A
VanillaN/A

Sugar Crops


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
SugarbeetN/A
Sugarcane
N/A
Sweet SorghumN/A




Vegetables


Crop Name
Trap Crop Name
Remarks
AmaranthN/A
Annual Moringa
N/A
Ash GourdN/A
AsparagusN/A
Babycorn
  • Beans
  • Legumes
  • Napier Grass
  • Soybean
  • Sunflower
  • Sudan Grass


BasellaN/A
BeetrootN/A
Bellary OnionN/A
BhendiN/A
Bitter Gourd
  • Ribbed Gourd
Bottle GourdN/A
BrinjalN/A
Broadbeans
  • Chrysanthemum
Brussels SproutN/A
Butter BeanN/A
Cabbage
  • Chinese Cabbage (1:15)
  • Indian Mustard (1:15)
  • Seasame (2 Rows:25 Rows)
  • Radish (1:15)

CapsicumN/A
CarrotN/A

Cauliflower
  • Seasame (2 Rows:25 Rows)

CeleryN/A
Ceylon SpinachN/A
Chakravathi KeeraiN/A
ChekurmanisN/A
ChickpeaN/A
Chillies
N/A
Chinese CabbageN/A
Chinese Potato
  • Marigold
Chow chowN/A
Cluster BeansN/A
CocciniaN/A
ColocasiaN/A
CucumberN/A
Curry Leaf
N/A
DioscoreaN/A
Elephant Foot YamN/A
French BeanN/A
GherkinN/A
Knol-kholN/A
LablabN/A
LettuceN/A
MintN/A
Musk MelonN/A
PalakN/A
PaprikaN/A
PeasN/A
Potato
  • Horse Radish
  • Marigold
PumpkinN/A
RadishN/A
RhubarbN/A
Ribbed GourdN/A
Small OnionN/A
Snake GourdN/A
SoybeanN/A
Sweet PotatoN/A
Tapioca
N/A
TindaN/A
Tomato
  • Cucumber (1:15)
  • Marigold (1:15)
  • Sunflower

TurnipN/A
Vegetable CowpeaN/A
WatermelonN/A
Winged BeanN/A

Integrated Pest Management - Border Crop or Perimeter Crop Details

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see Border Crop or Perimeter Crop Details which will help the farmer to protect his crops and improve productivity.


Cereals
Crop Name
Border Crop Name
Remarks
Rice
  • Blackgram
  • Flowers
  • Marigold

WheatN/A

Fibre Crops


Crop Name
Border Crop Name
Remarks
AgaveN/A
Cotton
  • Castor
  • Marigold
JuteN/A


Flower Crops


Crop Name
Border Crop Name
Remarks
AnthuriumN/A
CarnationN/A
China AsterN/A
ChrysanthemumN/A
CrossandraN/A
Cut ChrysanthemumN/A
Cut RoseN/A
Dendrobium OrchidN/A
GerberaN/A
GladiousN/A
Golden RodN/A
Jathimalli (Pitchi)N/A
LiliumN/A
MalligaiN/A
MarigoldN/A
MaruvuN/A
MullaiN/A
NeriumN/A
RoseN/A
TuberoseN/A

Forage Crops



Crop Name
Border Crop Name
Remarks
Cumbu NapierN/A
Deenanath GrassN/A
Fodder Cholam
N/A
Fodder CowpeaN/A
Fodder CumbuN/A
Fodder Maize
N/A
Guinea GrassN/A
Kolukattai Pullu
N/A
Kudirai MasalN/A
Muyal MasalN/A
SoundalN/A
Veli MasalN/A



Fruit Crops

Crop Name
Border Crop Name
Remarks
Acidlime
N/A
AmlaN/A
AnnonaN/A
Apple
N/A
ApricotN/A
AvocadoN/A
Banana
N/A

BerN/A
BilimbiN/A
Bread FruitN/A
CarambolaN/A
DurianN/A
Egg FruitN/A
FigN/A
GrapesN/A
Guava
N/A
JackN/A
Jamun
N/A
KarondaN/A
KiwiN/A
LemonN/A
LitchiN/A
LoquatN/A
Mandarin Orange
N/A
Mango
N/A
MangosteenN/A
MulberryN/A
PapayaN/A
Passion FruitN/A
Peach
N/A
PearN/A
PersimmonN/A
PhalsaN/A
PineappleN/A
PlumN/A
PomegranateN/A
RambutanN/A
Sapota
N/A
StrawberryN/A
Sweet Orange
N/A

West Indian CherryN/A



Medicinal Crops


Crop Name
Border Crop Name
Remarks
AswagandhaN/A
GloriosaN/A
PhylanthusN/A
SennaN/A
SteviaN/A
PeriwinkleN/A
PyrethrumN/A
DigitalisN/A
Medicinal DioscoreaN/A
Medicinal SolanumN/A
AloeveraN/A
Medicinal ColeusN/A
TippiliN/A



Millets


Crop Name
Border Crop Name
Remarks
Cumbu
N/A
KudiraivaliN/A
Maize
N/A
PanivaraguN/A
Ragi
N/A
SamaiN/A
Sorghum
    N/A
    TenaiN/A
    VaraguN/A



    Oil Seeds


    Crop Name
    Border Crop Name
    Remarks
    Castor
    N/A
    GingellyN/A
    Groundnut
    • Castor
    • Cowpea
    • Kumbu Millet
    • Sunflower

    NigerN/A
    SafflowerN/A
    Sunflower
    • Castor
    • Marigold




    Plantation Crops


    Crop Name
    Border Crop Name
    Remarks
    Arecanut
    N/A
    BetelvineN/A
    Cashewnut
    N/A
    CocoaN/A
    Coconut
    N/A

    Coffee
    N/A
    Oilpalm
    N/A
    PalmyrahN/A
    Rubber
    N/A
    Tea
    N/A


    Pulses



    Crop Name
    Border Crop Name
    Remarks
    Bengalgram
    N/A
    BlackgramN/A
    Cowpea
    N/A
    Field lablabN/A
    Garden lablabN/A
    GreengramN/A
    HorsegramN/A
    Redgram
    N/A
    Soybean
    N/A
    SwordbeanN/A




    Spices


    Crop Name
    Border Crop Name
    Remarks
    AllspiceN/A
    CardamomN/A
    CinnamonN/A
    CloveN/A
    CorianderN/A
    FennelN/A
    FenugreekN/A
    Garlic
    • Basil
    • Marigold

    GingerN/A
    MustardN/A
    NutmegN/A
    PaprikaN/A
    Pepper
    N/A
    Tamarind
    N/A
    Turmeric
    N/A
    VanillaN/A

    Sugar Crops


    Crop Name
    Border Crop Name
    Remarks
    SugarbeetN/A
    Sugarcane
    N/A
    Sweet SorghumN/A




    Vegetables


    Crop Name
    Border Crop Name
    Remarks
    AmaranthN/A
    Annual Moringa
    N/A
    Ash GourdN/A
    AsparagusN/A
    Babycorn
    • Napier Grass
    • Sudan Grass
    • Vetiver Grass

    BasellaN/A
    BeetrootN/A
    Bellary OnionN/A
    Bhendi
    • Maize
    • Pulses
    • Sorghum 
    Bitter Gourd
    N/A
    Bottle GourdN/A
    BrinjalN/A
    Broadbeans
    N/A
    Brussels SproutN/A
    Butter BeanN/A
    Cabbage
    • Tomato (2  weeks ahead)

    CapsicumN/A
    Carrot
    • Garlic
    • Onion


    Cauliflower
    N/A

    CeleryN/A
    Ceylon SpinachN/A
    Chakravathi KeeraiN/A
    ChekurmanisN/A
    ChickpeaN/A
    Chillies
    N/A
    Chinese CabbageN/A
    Chinese Potato
    N/A
    Chow chowN/A
    Cluster BeansN/A
    CocciniaN/A
    ColocasiaN/A
    CucumberN/A
    Curry Leaf
    N/A
    DioscoreaN/A
    Elephant Foot YamN/A
    French BeanN/A
    GherkinN/A
    Knol-kholN/A
    LablabN/A
    LettuceN/A
    MintN/A
    Musk MelonN/A
    PalakN/A
    PaprikaN/A
    PeasN/A
    Potato
    N/A
    PumpkinN/A
    RadishN/A
    RhubarbN/A
    Ribbed GourdN/A
    Small OnionN/A
    Snake GourdN/A
    SoybeanN/A
    Sweet PotatoN/A
    Tapioca
    N/A

    TindaN/A
    Tomato
    N/A

    TurnipN/A
    Vegetable Cowpea
    N/A
    WatermelonN/A
    Winged BeanN/A