Saturday, 27 July 2019

ZBNF - Basic Details -Work In Progress

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see Subhash Palekar's SPNF/ZBNF.

Here we are going to see the basic details and not the entire models as they are well covered in his books and seminar.

Basic Information
  • One Desi Cow is sufficient for 30 acres of land.
  • Carbon & Nitrogen (C:N) in 10:1 ratio is required for humus creation.
  • Top soil 4.5-6 inches /10-15 cms has humus. So, only the top soil of about 10 cms to be harrowed or cultivated.
  • High humus can be created by cutting down the crops after seed maturation.
  • 200 to 400 Kg Ghanjiwamitra per acre to be applied on the soil per year.
  • Last cultivation to be done by shallow harrowing operation so that Ghanjiwamitra mixes well in the soil.
  • Cultivate the land very well and no deep ploughing is necessary.
  • Trenches to be dug against the slope.  If there is no visible slope, the trenches can be dug in any direction.
  • The size of the trenches varies according to the model implemented.
    • (eg., 36 X 36 model requires 2.5-3 ft wide X 1.5-2 ft deep)
  • Dig "V" shape trenches.
  • Dugout soil of the trenches to be placed on either side of the trenches.
  • Alternate trenches to be dug.
  • Mulching to be done in the trenches as and when the harvest of the crop is completed.
  • Irrigate in alternate trenches in alternate times.
  • Pour 200-400 Litres per acre Jiwamitra in the irrigation water.
  • In rainy season, one cup of Jiwamitra to be poured in between the two plants.
  • All intercrops supply regular straw material though out the year to be placed in the trenches.
  • After harvest of Drumstick pods, leaves to be used as mulching.
  • Straw mulching to be placed in the trenches before monsoon starts.
  • 200-400 Litres per acre to be poured on the straw mulch after 3:00 pm for better results.
  • Both monocot & dicot to be used as mulching (2/3rd dicot legumes and 1/3 rd monocot)
  • Not more than 6 inches of straw mulching to be applied on the soil.
  • Straw mulching thickness should be 12 fingers (22 cms).
  • Sugarcane trash of 6 tons per hectare can be applied.  3 tons for 2 times/year.
  • Annual grasses are a necessity in fruit trees or sugarcane crops as the Mycorrhiza are available in the roots of the grasses.
  • In newly planted fruit trees, cut the grass at 20 cms height and mulch.
  • Perennial grasses to be removed entirely.  Straw mulching reduces the growth of perennial grasses.
  • If there is existence of eggs of insects on the leaves, immediately spray the pesticides.
  • Neem Paste to be applied on the surface of the stem of fruits trees (cashewnut, coffee, cocoa, coconut etc) three times a year.
    • Before monsoon start i.e. in the last week of May.
    • After South West monsoon returned back i.e. last week of Oct.
    • After North East monsoon returned back i.e. in Jan.
  1. After harvesting of pods & fruits of creeper vegetables, pull the creeper plants into the trenches as act as mulch.
  2. Spread 100 kg GJ on both the bank sides of the trenches.
  3. Dibble winter pulses & winter creeper vegetables.
  4. Repeat Step No.1.
  5. Dibble summer pulses & summer creeper vegetables.
  6. Repeat Step No.1.
  7. Spread 200 kg GJ on both the bank sides of the trenches.
  8. Dibble rainy pulses & rainy creeper vegetables.
  9. Repeat this process every year.
  • First 3 months of planting, the weeds have to be uprooted.
  • After 3 months of planting, the weeds to be cut down (3 inches from the soil).
  • Vacant belts to be harrowed twice a month.

Wednesday, 10 January 2018

How to produce Termites (White Ants) for feeding Country Chicken?

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see How to produce Termites (Whites Ants) for feeding Country Chicken?

By producing feed for country chickens, the cost of the feed can be reduced as well as increase the weight of the chicken.
  1. Take a big clay pot.
  2. Fill it up with any organic wastes.  A few of them are given below:-
    1. Any dried straws like Paddy, Wheat etc
    2. Old jute sack or bag
    3. Dried Leaves
    4. Dried Cow Dung
    5. Paper
    6. Cardboard Boxes
    7. Dead Wood
    8. Husks like Coconut husk, Paddy Husk etc
  3. Fill the pot with one layer of anyone of the organic wastes available.
  4. Sprinkle a little bit of water to moist the layer.  The layer should not be wet but only moist.
  5. The layers should not be compacted and should be kept loose.
  6. Add the additional layers and repeat the process until the pot is completely full.
  7. Invert the Pot and keep in a cool shady place.
  8. Termites will be available on the next day itself for feeding the chickens.

Tuesday, 26 December 2017

Looking for Answers

I am looking for the right place to get answers for the following questions that I have in mind for a long time.

  1. What is the Average Profit / Per Acre / Per Year for the crops? This data will help the farmers to select the appropriate number of crops rather than a single crop.
  2. What is the crown size of the plants? To determine the optimal distance between the rows and between each tree.
  3. What is the root depth and root width of the plants?  This data will help to understand the competition between the roots of the crops for water and nutrients.
  4. What are the shade-loving crops? This data will help the farmers to choose the inter-crop while having large shade in their plantations.
  5. What are the crops that be kept for a long time (how many months/years) after harvest?  This data can help the farmers to choose the crops and sell the produce at the right time.
  6. What are the timbers trees and their growth period?
Is there any pointers available on the net for the above questions?  If anybody has information, please pass them on.

Please note that the above queries are related to India specific crops and hence require information in  regards to crops that are grown in India.