Monday, 9 September 2013

Farm Design - Design One (Ver 2.1)

In our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we will address some of the queries we have raised in our previous blog namely Farm Design - An Overview.

We will focus mainly on the spacing for Trees as well as on the spacing for Open Spaces.  Also, we will discuss on the Generic v/s Standard (Specific) Spacing.

First, we will discuss on the options in the spacing of trees.  Either we can go for Standard (Specific) Spacing or Generic Spacing.
  1. The Generic Spacing between Plant-to-Plant is 10 ft.
  2. If we go for Standard (Specific) spacing, then the individual plant will dictate the spacing.  For eg., Coconut needs a standard spacing of 25 ft.
Secondly, regarding the Open Spaces, it is advised to have 12 ft between the rows of the plants.  Again, the Open Spaces can be 24 ft, 36 ft, 48 ft etc (can be any number of ft and not necessarily multiples of 12) and this depends on the individual needs of the farmer and the plant they grow as well.

We have mentioned the spacing between Plant-to-Plant is 10 ft and this may look very crowded.  Here, I want to highlight a general observation and this may be helpful before proceeding further.

I have noticed that there are 2 types of Trees:-
  1. Single Stem Tree - Eg., Coconut, Papaya, Banana etc
  2. Multi Branch Tree - Eg., Mango, Sapota, Lemon etc
Technically, even Single Stem Tree has multiple branches and the branches are basically the crown portion and not in the body.  The disadvantage in Single Stem Tree is that we cannot prune them or control them according to our needs.

Multi Branch Tree can be pruned or controlled to occupy the space that we have.  Alternatively, we can also go for Dwarf Trees as well.

Now we can visualize that 10 ft is good enough for a multi branch tree.  Those who feel the spacing is not good enough, can plant a Single Stem Tree (especially Timber Trees) next to the Multi Branch Tree and follow it with another Multi Branch Tree and repeat the process.


  1. Dear Sir,
    Please share your thoughts/ knowledge on application of jeevamrutha or cowdung slurry to farm using pump. What type / capacity/availability of pump should be used. Either its sprinkled using sprinklers or made to flow to the stem. Layout to be planned earlier for this systen .

    1. Jeevamrutha can be used every 15 days or so. You can use Drip Irrigation System itself as a means or if you follow furrow or flood irrigation, you can mix Jeevamrutha with water. Jeevamrutha can be used as a foliar application as well. See my article on Manures for further information.