Field Preparation of "Annapoorna" Crop Model
- The area of land is half an acre.
- A trench of 18 inches or 1.5 feet width and 6 inches depth needs to be dug along the boundary.
- Beds of 7 feet width have to be made followed by a trench of two feet width and 6 inches depth.
- The soil taken out from the trenches is to be spread evenly on the bed.
- The height of this 7 feet bed is slightly raised. In order to make it more fertile, some organic manure and tank silt can be added to the bed. The plot is now ready with rich microbial cultures and nutrients. This is due to the fact that excess water flows into the drains from there into the pond.
While planting fruit bearing varieties like mango, jack fruit- we should bear in mind that the canopy of our trees remains within our own field. To ensure this, they should be planted six feet within the boundaries and their branches should be pruned as they grow bigger.
System of Rice Intensification (SRI system) can be adapted for cultivation of not only paddy but wheat, ragi, maize and other millets also. Many vegetable crops can be grown with proper spacing and the use of de-weeder makes farming a less labour intensive.
- Big trees such as Mango, Jack-fruit, Jamun, and Amla should be planted 36 feet apart.
- Guava, Chikku, Lemon and Pomegranate saplings can be planted in between the mango plants at a distance of 18 feet.
- Papaya, Drum-stick, Banana that occupy lesser space should be planted at a space of 9 feet between the second set of trees listed above. The above plants should be planted along the same row across the plot of land leaving space to cultivate single variety of vegetables, pulses, millets etc on each bed. Alternate cropping and Crop rotation should be adopted for each bed to control pests.
In this model water is made available to the bed by irrigating the trenches once in 8 to 10 days which provides adequate moisture to the roots. This makes it easy for the farmer to irrigate the land besides conserving water. We need to note that the plants require moisture but not standing water.
A part of the farm-pond can be covered to make a shelter with a closely knit wire-mesh. Few poultry birds can be reared in this. The droppings of the poultry birds will serve as feed for the fish in the pond and this generates extra income.
Some of the farmers using shade-nets to cover the fish pond to protect the fish from direct sunlight. Vegetable creepers like ridge gourd, bottle gourd etc., can be grown around the pond which will make a natural shade over the pond- providing vegetables and thereby additional income.
'Annapoorna' model is an intensive, integrated, adaptable organic farming model that ensures food security.
Source: Jattu Trust (http://www.jattutrust.org/)
Please refer to the following link for more details related to the the Annapoorna Model
1. Month wise yielding of Annapoorna model - http://www.jattutrust.org/Eng%20annapurna%20digubadulu%20new%20farmat.xlsx
2. Requirement of Seeds and Fruit Plants for Half Acre Annapurna Model During One Year - http://www.jattutrust.org/reports/Eng%20half%20acre%20annapurna.xlsx